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Ensemble Kalman Filter based Data Assimilation for Tropical Waves in the MJO Skeleton Model


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Gleiter, Tabea ; Janjić, Tijana ; Chen, Nan:
Ensemble Kalman Filter based Data Assimilation for Tropical Waves in the MJO Skeleton Model.
In: Quarterly journal of the Royal Meteorological Society. (11. Januar 2022). - 29 S.
ISSN 1477-870x ; 0035-9009


Open Access
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The Madden-Julian oscillation (MJO) is the dominant component of tropical intraseasonal variability with wide reaching impacts even on extratropical weather and climate patterns. However, predicting the MJO is challenging. One reason are suboptimal state estimates obtained with standard data assimilation (DA) approaches. Those are typically based on filtering methods with Gaussian approximations and do not take into account physical properties that are specifically important for the MJO.

In this paper, a constrained ensemble DA method is applied to study the impact of different physical constraints on the state estimation and prediction of the MJO. The utilized quadratic programming ensemble (QPEns) algorithm extends the standard stochastic ensemble Kalman filter (EnKF) with specifiable constraints on the updates of all ensemble members. This allows to recover physically more consistent states and to respect possible associated non-Gaussian statistics.

The study is based on identical twin experiments with an adopted nonlinear model for tropical intraseasonal variability. This so-called Skeleton model succeeds in reproducing the main large-scale features of the MJO and closely related tropical waves while keeping adequate simplicity for fast experiments on intraseasonal time scales. Conservation laws and other crucial physical properties from the model are examined as constraints in the QPEns.

Our results demonstrate an overall improvement in the filtering and forecast skill when the model's total energy is conserved in the initial condition. The degree of benefit is found to be dependent on the observational setup and the strength of the model's nonlinear dynamics. It is also shown that even in cases where the statistical error in some waves remains comparable to the stochastic EnKF during the DA stage, their prediction is remarkably improved when using the initial state resulting from the QPEns.

Weitere Angaben

Sprache des Eintrags:Englisch
Institutionen der Universität:Mathematisch-Geographische Fakultät > Mathematik > Professur Datenassimilation (Heisenberg-Professur)
DOI / URN / ID:10.1002/qj.4245
Open Access: Freie Zugänglichkeit des Volltexts?:Ja
Die Zeitschrift ist nachgewiesen in:
Titel an der KU entstanden:Nein
Eingestellt am: 14. Feb 2022 10:43
Letzte Änderung: 18. Feb 2022 09:38
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