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‘Way-centred’ versus ‘truth-centred’ epistemologies


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Horsthemke, Kai:
‘Way-centred’ versus ‘truth-centred’ epistemologies.
In: Education sciences. 6 (4. März 2016) 8. - S. 1-11.
ISSN 2227-7102


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In recent years, a criticism of “indigenous knowledge” has been that this idea makes
sense only in terms of acquaintance (or familiarity) type and practical (or skills-type) knowledge
(knowledge-how). Understood in terms of theoretical knowledge (or knowledge-that), however,
it faces the arguably insurmountable problems of relativism and superstition. The educational
implications of this would be that mere beliefs or opinions unanchored by reason(s), such as bald
assertions, superstitions, prejudice and bias, should not be included in the curriculum, at least not
under the guise of “knowledge”. Worthy of inclusion are skills and practical knowledge, as are
traditional music, art, dance and folklore (qua folklore). Moreover, anything that meets the essential
requirements for knowledge-that could in principle be included. Against this understanding of
knowledge, and its educational implications, it has been contended that indigenous knowledge places
no special emphasis on “belief”, “evidence” or “truth”, but that, according to indigenous practitioners,
it is rather “the way” that constitutes knowledge, harmonious interaction and appropriate models of
conduct. It has been argued, further, that cognitive states are (to be) seen as “maps”, as useful and
practical action-guides. This is why (so the argument for “polycentric epistemologies” or “polycentric
global epistemology” goes) divination, rain-making, rain-discarding, shamanism, sorcery, ceremony,
ritual, mysticism, etc., must be acknowledged as ways of knowing (and as educationally valuable)
alongside animal husbandry, botany, medicine, mathematics, tool-making, and the like. The present
paper investigates whether the “way-based” epistemological response is a plausible reply to the
“truth-based” critique of indigenous knowledge (systems).

Weitere Angaben

Schlagwörter:belief; indigenous knowledge; justification; practical knowledge; theoretical knowledge;
truth; truth-centered epistemologies; way-centered epistemologies
Institutionen der Universität:Philosophisch-Pädagogische Fakultät > Pädagogik > Lehrstuhl für Bildungsphilosophie und Systematische Pädagogik
DOI / URN / ID:10.3390/educsci6010008
Open Access: Freie Zugänglichkeit des Volltexts?:Ja
Die Zeitschrift ist nachgewiesen in:
Titel an der KU entstanden:Ja
Eingestellt am: 22. Aug 2017 11:14
Letzte Änderung: 13. Feb 2020 15:55
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