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Error cancellation


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Foerster, Anna ; Steinhauser, Marco ; Schwarz, Katharina A. ; Kunde, Wilfried ; Pfister, Roland:
Error cancellation.
In: Royal Society Open Science. 9 (2022) 3: 210397. - 17 S.
ISSN 2054-5703


Open Access
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The human cognitive system houses efficient mechanisms to monitor ongoing actions. Upon detecting an erroneous course of action, these mechanisms are commonly assumed to adjust cognitive processing to mitigate the error's consequences and to prevent future action slips. Here, we demonstrate that error detection has far earlier consequences by feeding back directly onto ongoing motor activity, thus cancelling erroneous movements immediately. We tested this prediction of immediate auto-correction by analysing how the force of correct and erroneous keypress actions evolves over time while controlling for cognitive and biomechanical constraints relating to response time and the peak force of a movement. We conclude that the force profiles are indicative of active cancellation by showing indications of shorter response durations for errors already within the first 100 ms, i.e. between the onset and the peak of the response, a timescale that has previously been related solely to error detection. This effect increased in a late phase of responding, i.e. after response force peaked until its offset, further corroborating that it indeed reflects cancellation efforts instead of consequences of planning or initiating the error.

Weitere Angaben

Schlagwörter:error detection, error processing, performance monitoring, motor inhibition
Sprache des Eintrags:Englisch
Institutionen der Universität:Philosophisch-Pädagogische Fakultät > Psychologie > Lehrstuhl für Allgemeine Psychologie
DOI / URN / ID:10.1098/rsos.210397
Open Access: Freie Zugänglichkeit des Volltexts?:Ja
Verlag:The Royal Society
Die Zeitschrift ist nachgewiesen in:
Titel an der KU entstanden:Ja
Eingestellt am: 17. Okt 2023 11:57
Letzte Änderung: 18. Okt 2023 15:31
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