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The interactive effects of heart rate variability and mindfulness on indicators of well-being in healthcare professionals' daily working life


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Schmid, Regina Franziska ; Thomas, Joachim:
The interactive effects of heart rate variability and mindfulness on indicators of well-being in healthcare professionals' daily working life.
In: International journal of psychophysiology. 164 (2021). - S. 130-138.
ISSN 0167-8760 ; 1872-7697


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Heart rate variability (HRV) and mindfulness have been described as correlates of self-regulation and well-being. The goal of the present study was to investigate their interactions from a within-person perspective in the context of work.
Applying an ambulatory assessment approach, we studied 89 healthcare professionals across two to four work shifts. Self-reports of momentary job demands, mindfulness, and well-being (as indicated by emotional exhaustion, relaxation, and contentment) were provided three to four times a day via smartphone questionnaires. Electrocardiogram and activity sensors continuously recorded data from the beginning to the end of the shifts. Multilevel models based on 937 measurements were built for emotional exhaustion, relaxation, and contentment.
After controlling for covariates, including bodily movement, shift, and job demands, short-term HRV was marginally significantly related to decreased emotional exhaustion and significantly related to increased relaxation. State mindfulness was significantly related to decreased emotional exhaustion, and increased relaxation and contentment. Furthermore, HRV and mindfulness significantly interacted such that emotional exhaustion was lowest and relaxation was highest when both HRV and mindfulness were high.
Together, the findings provide insights into the use of HRV and mindfulness as indexes of psychophysiological regulatory resources that seemingly intensify their respective beneficial effects on the daily well-being of employees.

Weitere Angaben

Schlagwörter:Ambulatory assessment; Emotional exhaustion; Heart rate variability; Occupational well-being; Relaxation; State mindfulness
Sprache des Eintrags:Englisch
Institutionen der Universität:Philosophisch-Pädagogische Fakultät > Psychologie > Professur für Psychologische Diagnostik und Intervention
DOI / URN / ID:10.1016/j.ijpsycho.2021.01.012
Open Access: Freie Zugänglichkeit des Volltexts?:Nein
Die Zeitschrift ist nachgewiesen in:
Titel an der KU entstanden:Ja
Eingestellt am: 01. Jan 2022 17:52
Letzte Änderung: 01. Jan 2022 17:52
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