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Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Young Refugees : Comparison of Questionnaire Data with and without Involvement of an Interpreter


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Müller, Lauritz Rudolf Floribert ; Unterhitzenberger, Johanna ; Wintersohl, Svenja ; Rosner, Rita ; König, Julia:
Screening for Posttraumatic Stress Symptoms in Young Refugees : Comparison of Questionnaire Data with and without Involvement of an Interpreter.
In: International journal of environmental research and public health. 18 (2021): 6803. - S. 1-7.
ISSN 1660-4601


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Background: The substantial number of young refugees who have arrived in Europe since 2015 requires rapid screening to identify those in need of treatment. However, translated versions of screening measures are not always available, necessitating the support of interpreters. The Child and Adolescent Trauma Screen (CATS) is a validated questionnaire for posttraumatic stress symptoms. Here, we report on the psychometric properties of the CATS in a sample of young refugees as a function of interpreter involvement. Methods: A total of N = 145 (Mage = 16.8, SD = 1.54; 93% male) were assessed with the CATS, with half of the screenings conducted with and half without interpreters. Post hoc analyses included calculating internal consistency using Cronbach’s a. We used confirmative factor analysis to investigate the factor structure. Results: The CATS total scale showed good reliability (a = 0.84). Differences in psychometric properties between the interpreter vs. the no interpreter group were minor and tended to be in favor of the interpreter group. Results of a confirmatory factor analysis were acceptable after the exclusion of items with low item-scale correlations. Conclusions: The sample and the administration of the assessment represent the situation of young refugees in Germany, where resources are low and translated versions not always available. The CATS may be a helpful screening tool for clinicians working with young refugees, even when administered with an interpreter. Limitations include the post hoc design of the analysis without randomization of participants and the lack of a third comparison group using translated questionnaire versions.

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Schlagwörter:refugee; adolescent; assessment; screening; PTSD; interpreter
Themenfelder:Flucht und Migration
Sprache des Eintrags:Englisch
Institutionen der Universität:Philosophisch-Pädagogische Fakultät > Psychologie > Lehrstuhl für Klinische und Biologische Psychologie
DOI / URN / ID:10.3390/ijerph18136803
Open Access: Freie Zugänglichkeit des Volltexts?:Ja (Förderung durch DFG-Mittel)
Verlag:MDPI AG
Die Zeitschrift ist nachgewiesen in:
Titel an der KU entstanden:Ja
Eingestellt am: 11. Nov 2021 13:16
Letzte Änderung: 01. Jun 2022 11:32
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