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Music Modulates Cognitive Flexibility? : An Investigation of the Benefits of Musical Training on Markers of Cognitive Flexibility


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Gade, Miriam ; Schlemmer, Kathrin:
Music Modulates Cognitive Flexibility? : An Investigation of the Benefits of Musical Training on Markers of Cognitive Flexibility.
In: Brain Sciences. 11 (2. April 2021) 4. - S. 1-15.
ISSN 2076-3425


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Cognitive flexibility enables the rapid change in goals humans want to attain in everyday life as well as in professional contexts, e.g., as musicians. In the laboratory, cognitive flexibility is usually assessed using the task-switching paradigm. In this paradigm participants are given at least two classification tasks and are asked to switch between them based on valid cues or memorized task sequences. The mechanisms enabling cognitive flexibility are investigated through two empirical markers, namely switch costs and n-2 repetition costs. In this study, we assessed both effects in a pre-instructed task-sequence paradigm. Our aim was to assess the transfer of musical training to non-musical stimuli and tasks. To this end, we collected the data of 49 participants that differed in musical training assessed using the Goldsmiths Musical Sophistication Index. We found switch costs that were not significantly influenced by the degree of musical training. N-2 repetition costs were small for all levels of musical training and not significant. Musical training did not influence performance to a remarkable degree and did not affect markers of mechanisms underlying cognitive flexibility, adding to the discrepancies of findings on the impact of musical training in non-music-specific tasks.

Weitere Angaben

Schlagwörter:training; amateur musicians; piano students; attention
Institutionen der Universität:Philosophisch-Pädagogische Fakultät > Musikwissenschaft > Professur für Musikwissenschaft
DOI / URN / ID:10.3390/brainsci11040451
Open Access: Freie Zugänglichkeit des Volltexts?:Ja
Titel an der KU entstanden:Ja
Eingestellt am: 31. Mai 2021 11:01
Letzte Änderung: 31. Mai 2021 11:01
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