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Long-Term Changes of Morphodynamics on Little Ice Age Lateral Moraines and the Resulting Sediment Transfer into Mountain Streams in the Upper Kauner Valley, Austria

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Altmann, Moritz ; Piermattei, Livia ; Haas, Florian ; Heckmann, Tobias ; Fleischer, Fabian ; Rom, Jakob ; Betz-Nutz, Sarah ; Knoflach, Bettina ; Müller, Svenja ; Ramskogler, Katharina ; Pfeiffer, Madlene ; Hofmeister, Florentin ; Ressl, Camillo ; Becht, Michael:
Long-Term Changes of Morphodynamics on Little Ice Age Lateral Moraines and the Resulting Sediment Transfer into Mountain Streams in the Upper Kauner Valley, Austria.
In: Water. 12 (1. Dezember 2020) 12: 3375. - 30 S.
ISSN 2073-4441

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Volltext Link zum Volltext (externe URL):
https://doi.org/10.3390/w12123375

Kurzfassung/Abstract

Since the end of the Little Ice Age (LIA), formerly glaciated areas have undergone considerable changes in their morphodynamics due to external forces and system-internal dynamics. Using multi-temporal high-resolution digital elevation models (DEMs) from different remote sensing techniques such as historical digital aerial images and light detection and ranging (LiDAR), and the resulting DEMs of difference (DoD), spatial erosion and accumulation patterns can be analyzed in proglacial areas over several decades. In this study, several morphological sediment budgets of different test sites on lateral moraines and different long-term periods were determined, covering a total period of 49 years. The test sites show high ongoing morphodynamics, and therefore low vegetation development. A decrease as well as an increase of the mean annual erosion volume could be demonstrated at the different test sites. All test sites show a slope–channel coupling and a decrease in the effciency of sediment transport from slopes to channels. These developments are generally subject to conditions of increasing temperature, decreasing short-term precipitation patterns and increasing runoff from adjacent mountain streams. Finally, the study shows that sediment is still available on the investigated test sites and the paraglacial adjustment process is still in progress even after several decades of deglaciation (~133 years).

Weitere Angaben

Publikationsform:Artikel
Schlagwörter:geomorphic coupling; glacier retreat; historical aerial images; lateral moraines; LiDAR; morphological sediment budget; photogrammetry; proglacial areas; sediment transfer; surface change detection
Sprache des Eintrags:Englisch
Institutionen der Universität:Mathematisch-Geographische Fakultät > Geographie > Lehrstuhl für Physische Geographie
DOI / URN / ID:10.3390/w12123375
Open Access: Freie Zugänglichkeit des Volltexts?:Ja
Peer-Review-Journal:Ja
Verlag:MDPI
Zeitschrift in Zitationsdatenbanken:
Titel an der KU entstanden:Ja
KU.edoc-ID:25584
Eingestellt am: 02. Dez 2020 15:23
Letzte Änderung: 07. Dez 2021 19:18
URL zu dieser Anzeige: https://edoc.ku.de/id/eprint/25584/
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