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Cognitive modelling reveals distinct electrophysiological markers of decision confidence and error monitoring

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Rausch, Manuel ; Zehetleitner, Michael ; Steinhauser, Marco ; Maier, Martin E.:
Cognitive modelling reveals distinct electrophysiological markers of decision confidence and error monitoring.
In: NeuroImage. 218 (24. Mai 2020) 116963. - 14 S.
ISSN 1053-8119 ; 1095-9572

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Volltext Link zum Volltext (externe URL):
https://doi.org/10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116963

Kurzfassung/Abstract

Is confidence in perceptual decisions generated by the same brain processes as decision itself, or does confidence require metacognitive processes following up on the decision? In a masked orientation task with varying stimulusonset-asynchrony, we used EEG and cognitive modelling to trace the timing of the neural correlates of confidence. Confidence reported by human observers increased with stimulus-onset-asynchrony in correct and to a lesser degree in incorrect trials, a pattern incompatible with established models of confidence. Electrophysiological activity was associated with confidence in two different time periods, namely 350–500 ms after stimulus onset and 250–350 ms after the response. Cognitive modelling revealed that only the activity following on the stimulus exhibited the same statistical regularities as confidence, while the statistical pattern of the activity following the response was incompatible with confidence. It is argued that electrophysiological markers of confidence and error awareness are at least in parts distinct.

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Publikationsform:Artikel
Schlagwörter:Metacognition ; Confidence ; Event-related potentials ; Cognitive modelling ; ERN/Ne ; Pe
Sprache des Eintrags:Englisch
Institutionen der Universität:Philosophisch-Pädagogische Fakultät > Psychologie > Psychologie II - Professur für Allgemeine Psychologie II
Philosophisch-Pädagogische Fakultät > Psychologie > Psychologie VI - Lehrstuhl für Allgemeine Psychologie
DOI / URN / ID:10.1016/j.neuroimage.2020.116963
Open Access: Freie Zugänglichkeit des Volltexts?:Nein
Peer-Review-Journal:Ja
Titel an der KU entstanden:Ja
KU.edoc-ID:24388
Eingestellt am: 02. Jun 2020 09:34
Letzte Änderung: 22. Nov 2021 08:46
URL zu dieser Anzeige: https://edoc.ku.de/id/eprint/24388/
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