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Does prolonged grief or suicide bereavement cause public stigma? : a vignette-based experiment


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Eisma, Maarten C. ; Te Riele, B. ; Overgaauw, M. ; Doering, Bettina K.:
Does prolonged grief or suicide bereavement cause public stigma? : a vignette-based experiment.
In: Psychiatry Research : the official publication of the International Society for Neuroimaging in Psychiatry. 272 (2019). - S. 784-789.
ISSN 0925-4927 ; 0165-1781


Open Access
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Prolonged grief disorder (PGD), characterized by severe, persistent and disabling grief, isnewly included in the International Classification of Diseases 11 (ICD-11). Receiving a PGD diagnosis could lead to stigmatizing public reactions (i.e. public stigma), yet research on this topic is limited. Additionally, while there is evidence that experiencing suicide bereavement
causes public stigma, no studies to date have investigated the interaction between PGD and cause of death on public stigma. To fill these knowledge gaps, this experimental study tested if a PGD diagnosis (vs. no diagnosis) and experiencing suicide bereavement (vs. homicide and natural loss) cause public stigma. Three hundred and seventeen adults from the general population were randomly assigned to read one of 6 different vignettes of a person with and
without PGD who had lost a spouse through a suicide, homicide or a stroke. After reading a vignette, negative attributions, emotional reactions, and desire for social distance were assessed. Notably, only persons with PGD were attributed relatively more negative characteristics, and elicited more anger, anxiety and pro-social emotions, and a larger preferred social distance by participants. This study supports the claim that PGD causes public stigma, but nuances claims that suicide bereavement induces public stigma.

Weitere Angaben

Schlagwörter:complicated grief; persistent complex bereavement disorder; traumatic grief;
social support; social avoidance; murder; suicide survivors
Institutionen der Universität:Philosophisch-Pädagogische Fakultät > Psychologie > Lehrstuhl für Klinische und Biologische Psychologie
DOI / URN / ID:10.1016/j.psychres.2018.12.122
Open Access: Freie Zugänglichkeit des Volltexts?:Ja
Die Zeitschrift ist nachgewiesen in:
Titel an der KU entstanden:Nein
Eingestellt am: 30. Apr 2019 14:02
Letzte Änderung: 26. Nov 2021 09:25
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