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The moderating role of work pressure on the relationships between emotional demands and tension, exhaustion, and work engagement: an experience sampling study among nurses

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Riedl, Elisabeth ; Thomas, Joachim:
The moderating role of work pressure on the relationships between emotional demands and tension, exhaustion, and work engagement: an experience sampling study among nurses.
In: European journal of work and organizational psychology : the official journal of The European Association of Work and Organizational Psychology. 28 (11. März 2019) 3. - S. 414-429.
ISSN 1464-0643 ; 1359-432x

Volltext

Volltext Link zum Volltext (externe URL):
https://doi.org/10.1080/1359432X.2019.1588251

Kurzfassung/Abstract

The purpose of this study is to examine the moderating role of state work pressure (conceived as a hindrance demand) on the relationships between situational emotional demands (conceived as a challenge demand) and tension, emotional exhaustion and work engagement within nursing while considering job resources as covariates. Ninety-seven nurses from two German hospitals provided 1026 measurements. Multilevel analyses indicated a significant Work Pressure × Emotional Demands interaction for emotional exhaustion, with high situational work pressure exacerbating the positive association between state emotional demands and emotional exhaustion. Furthermore, work pressure moderated the relationship between emotional demands and vigour: state emotional demands related negatively to vigour only when work pressure was higher than usual, while the relationship was non-significant when work pressure was lower than usual. For dedication, similar results were obtained: state emotional demands were negatively associated with dedication only when combined with high situational work pressure; with low situational work pressure, state emotional demands did not relate to dedication. Contributing to the job demands-resources literature, this study shows that there are stress-exacerbating and stress-buffering interactions between different job demands from a within-subject perspective. However, we did not find positive relationships between challenge demands and work engagement, even in the case of low situational hindrances, indicating that there are conditions for the functioning of job demands as a challenge beyond hindrances.

Weitere Angaben

Publikationsform:Artikel
Schlagwörter:interactions among job demands, job demands-resources theory, challenge and hindrance stressors, nursing, experience sampling
Sprache des Eintrags:Englisch
Institutionen der Universität:Philosophisch-Pädagogische Fakultät > Psychologie > Psychologie IV - Professur für Psychologische Diagnostik und Interventionspsychologie
DOI / URN / ID:10.1080/1359432X.2019.1588251
Open Access: Freie Zugänglichkeit des Volltexts?:Nein
Peer-Review-Journal:Ja
Verlag:[s.n.]
Die Zeitschrift ist nachgewiesen in:
Titel an der KU entstanden:Ja
KU.edoc-ID:22722
Eingestellt am: 27. Mär 2019 08:20
Letzte Änderung: 06. Dez 2021 20:10
URL zu dieser Anzeige: https://edoc.ku.de/id/eprint/22722/
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