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Posttraumatic growth in populations with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder - A systematic review on growth related psychological constructs and biological variables

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Schubert, Christine F. ; Schmidt, Ulrike ; Rosner, Rita:
Posttraumatic growth in populations with Posttraumatic Stress Disorder - A systematic review on growth related psychological constructs and biological variables.
In: Clinical psychology & psychotherapy : an international journal of theory & practice. 23 (2016) 6. - S. 469-486.
ISSN 1063-3995 ; 1099-0879

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Volltext Link zum Volltext (externe URL):
https://doi.org/10.1002/cpp.1985

Kurzfassung/Abstract

Posttraumatic growth (PTG) and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) are possible consequences of trauma. PTG is supposed to emerge from cognitive processes and can have functional and dysfunctional aspects. This systematic review aims to identify and evaluate publications assessing PTG in adults diagnosed with PTSD in order to analyse the relationship between both constructs, how PTG is related to specific psychological variables and if there are biological variables linked to PTG. This extended review evaluates the quality of measures applied and is the first to study PTG only in populations meeting full PTSD criteria. In addition, the relationship between PTG and other relevant constructs, such as openness, optimism and social support, is explored. Our systematic literature search identified 140 studies of which 19 fulfilled our inclusion criteria; most of them used the Post-Traumatic Growth Inventory. Results indicate that trauma survivors with PTSD exhibit more PTG than those without PTSD and that PTG can be intensified during the therapeutic process whereat it is unclear whether PTG is a desirable outcome of PTSD therapy. Positive correlations between PTG and PTSD are reported. For diagnosed populations, we could not find strong evidence of a quadratic relationship between PTG and PTSD, although some studies support this hypothesis. Findings regarding the association of PTG with psychological variables are heterogeneous. Only one study focused on PTG as well as on biological variables (salivary cortisol) but did not discuss possible links between these two so far unconnected research fields in PTSD.

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Publikationsform:Artikel
Institutionen der Universität:Philosophisch-Pädagogische Fakultät > Psychologie > Psychologie I - Lehrstuhl für Biologische und Klinische Psychologie
DOI / URN / ID:10.1002/cpp.1985
Peer-Review-Journal:Ja
Titel an der KU entstanden:Nein
KU.edoc-ID:16620
Eingestellt am: 07. Dez 2015 15:20
Letzte Änderung: 07. Aug 2018 09:25
URL zu dieser Anzeige: https://edoc.ku.de/id/eprint/16620/
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